Tout commence au début des années 1970 ; à Londres, la comédie musicale Jesus Christ Superstar de Andrew Lloyd Webber et Tim Rice connaît un grand succès. Un soir, un des figurants est renvoyé: il s'agit de Richard O'Brien. Ayant une femme et un enfant, et disposant de pas mal de temps libre, il décide d'écrire sa propre comédie musicale. Il se base sur ses goûts et ses souvenirs d'adolescents, et décide d'écrire une riposte aux grands spectacles qui se jouaient alors sur la scène londonienne en prenant comme thèmes majeurs de cet « anti-spectacle » le sexe, les films de série B et le rock and roll.

Le jour de la première, le 19 juin 1973, il pleut et seules quelques dizaines de spectateurs sont là pour voir Richard O'Brien et Tim Curry, qui interprètent respectivement les rôles de Riff Raff et de Frank-n-Furter. L'année suivante, le spectacle est le "Meilleur Spectacle de l'année 1974".

Malgré un relatif échec à Broadway, la pièce se jouera sans interruption à Londres jusqu'en 1980. Elle est toujours jouée aujourd'hui à travers le monde, de deux façons différentes: soit intégralement interprétée par des acteurs sur scène, soit avec projection du film agrémenté d'acteurs apparaissant devant l'écran pour rejouer certaines scènes cultes ou interagir avec les images. Cette dernière forme de prestation impliquant le public a contribué à faire du Rocky Horror Show un spectacle culte.

Généralités: Histoire, thèmes et particularités

Résumé

Brad et Janet, deux amoureux, veulent revoir leur ancien professeur de sciences avant de se marier. Ils partent donc en voiture, un soir, mais le pneu de leur voiture explose mystérieusement à quelques mètres d'un château étrange... Brad et Janet vont alors aller demander de l'aide aux habitants du château, tous plus étranges les uns que les autres... C'est ainsi que Brad et Janet rencontrent le docteur Frank-N-Furter, un travesti bisexuel venu de la planète Transexual de la galaxie Transylvania, créateur d'un homme parfait, plein de muscles mais sans un gramme de cervelle et sachant à peine marcher, nommé Rocky.

Synopsis complet

 

Historique du musical

Génèse du musical

As an out-of-work actor, Richard O'Brien wrote The Rocky Horror Show to keep himself busy on winter evenings. Since his youth, O'Brien had developed a passion for science fiction and B horror movies; he wanted to combine elements of the unintentional humour of B horror movies, portentous dialogue of schlock-horror, Steve Reeves muscle flicks and fifties rock and roll into The Rocky Horror Show. A major theme running throughout the musical is transvestitism, which according to O'Brien was not originally meant to be as prominent as it would end up being.
O'Brien took a small amount of his unfinished Rocky Horror to director Jim Sharman, who decided he wanted to direct it at the small experimental space Upstairs at the Royal Court Theatre, Sloane Square, Chelsea which was used as a project space for new work. Sharman had received some success with the original Australian production of Jesus Christ Superstar during which he met O'Brien, who had played King Herod for just one performance. Sharman brought in fellow Australians Nell Campbell and long-time scenic designer Brian Thomson to the production.
The original creative team was then rounded out by costume designer Sue Blane and musical director Richard Hartley, although Pete Moss would later take over as musical director. 'Veteran' of the new generation of stage producers Michael White was also brought in to produce Rocky Horror. As the musical went into rehearsal, the working title for it became It Came from Denton High, but it was changed just before previews at the suggestion of Sharman to The Rocky Horror Show.

After two previews, the show premiered – without an interval – at the Royal Court's 63-seat Theatre Upstairs on 19 June 1973 and ran until 20 July 1973. The cast included Tim Curry, Patricia Quinn, Nell Campbell (billed as Little Nell), Julie Covington and Richard O'Brien, who made the production, which was all-out camp, a creative triumph and a critical and commercial success. Record producer Jonathan King saw it on the second night and signed the cast to make the original cast recording over a long weekend that was rushed out on his U.K. Records label. King was involved heavily in the initial promotion for the show as well as being the other backer of it financially with White.

The impact at the Royal Court Upstairs allowed the production be transferred to the 230-seat Chelsea Classic Cinema, a few blocks down on Kings Road from 14 August 1973 to 20 October 1973. Rocky Horror found a quasi-permanent home at the 500-seat King's Road Theatre (another cinema house) even further down Kings Road from 3 November 1973. The show received critical praise and won the 1973 Evening Standard Award for Best Musical.

It ended its run at the King's Road Theatre on 31 March 1979 before transferring to the Comedy Theatre (now the Harold Pinter Theatre) to begin performances on 6 April 1979. There, Rocky Horror required some restaging as it was the first theatre that the musical had played at with a traditional proscenium arch stage. For the first time, the musical was also broken into two acts with an interval. It finished its run there on 13 September 1980.

American premiere
Lou Adler had made millions with risky ventures such as Monterey Pop. His record label, "Ode Records" was becoming known for harvesting experimental talent. In late winter of 1973, Adler attended a performance of the show with Britt Ekland and acting on impulse and seeing a hit, he met backstage with producers and within 36 hours had secured the American theatrical rights.
The show premiered at the Roxy Theatre in Los Angeles on March 24, 1974, running for nine months. The cast was all new except for Tim Curry. The show played to a full house and a deal was made with 20th Century Fox for a film. Fox executive Gordon Stulberg saw the show at the Roxy and agreed to invest 1 million dollars for a film project. Adler's attempt to turn his club into a playhouse was successful. The singer Meat Loaf remembers different celebrities that would come to the show as well as his meeting Elvis Presley at a performance. Senator Al Franken was a young lighting apprentice brought in by Sid Strong. He recalls Adler had the show mounted by producer Brian Avnet and that both Curry and O'Brien were brought in from the UK.

Original Sydney production
Harry M. Miller produced the original Sydney production of Rocky Horror, which opened on 15 April 1974, running for almost two years in the New Arts Cinema (formerly The Astor, later The Valhalla and now an office building) in Glebe. It starred Reg Livermore, Jane Harders, Kate Fitzpatrick, Arthur Dignam, Sal Sharah, John Paramor, Graham Matters, Bob Hudson and Maureen Elkner.

Original Broadway production
In early 1975 Lou Adler closed the show at the Roxy Theater after a ten-month run. This gave actors time to return to the UK for filming of the movie version. Adler planned to open on Broadway just before the release of the film. It was anticipated that this production would be as successful as Jesus Christ Superstar and serve as a public vehicle for the film version. It was unsuccessful and closed after 45 performances.

San Francisco
The third U.S. production opened at the Montgomery Playhouse in San Francisco on February 3, 1976 and played 103 performances, closing on May 30. The San Francisco production was directed by A. Michael Amarino, with Musical Direction and Arrangements by Michael Reno. The production had a new cast and starred David James as Dr. Frank N. Furter. The opening night cast included Roslyn Roseman as Usherette / Magenta, Needa Greene as Janet Weiss, Robert Reynolds as Brad Majors, Richard Gee as the Narrator, Buddy King as Riff-Raff, Paula Desmond as Columbia, Bob Dulaney as Rocky Horror, and Emil Borelli as Eddie / Dr. Everett Scott, with back-up vocals by Vikki D'Orazi, William J. Tacke and Kelly St. John.

West End
The Rocky Horror Show transferred to the 820-seat Comedy Theatre on Panton Street in the West End, running from 6 April 1979 until 13 September 1980, closing the play's initial run of 2,960 performances. After occasional productions in the early 1980s, the play was revived for the Theatre Royal Hanley tour in 1984 and still is performed regularly in the U.K.

 

Détails

Liste des chansons

Acte I
Science Fiction / Double Feature
Dammit, Janet!
Over at the Frankenstein Place
The Time Warp
Sweet Transvestite
The Sword of Damocles
I Can Make You a Man
Hot Patootie / Bless My Soul
I Can Make You a Man (reprise)

Acte II
Touch-a, Touch-a, Touch-a, Touch Me
Once in a While
Eddie's Teddy
Planet Schmanet Janet
Rose Tint My World
Don't Dream It, Be It
Wild and Untamed Thing
I'm Going Home
Super Heroes
Science Fiction / Double Feature (reprise)

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Versions du musical

Versions majeures de Rocky Horror Show (The)

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Captations du musical