Généralités: Histoire, thèmes et particularités

Résumé

Martin is about to get married to Fay Morgan but is knocked in the head when she sees him talking to his former fiancée, Alice. While he is knocked out he dreams of being in the court of King Arthur and gaining immense wealth and prestige by industrializing the realm. During the dream he falls in love with the Demoiselle Alisande who is then kidnapped by the king’s evil sister, Queen Morgan Le Fay. He rescues her just as he wakes up and realizes that he should be marrying Alice instead of Fay.

Synopsis complet

Versions

Original Version [1927]
Prologue
A Ladies' Home Companion - Fay, Principals & Ensemble
My Heart Stood Still - Martin, Alice & Ensemble


Act One
Thou Swell - Martin & Alisande
At the Round Table - King Arthur, Merlin, Sir Launcelot, Sir Galahad, Knights & Ladies
On a Desert Island with Thee - Mistress Evelyn, Sir Galahad, Knights & Ladies
My Heart Stood Still (reprise) - Martin & Alisande


Act Two
Opening - Ensemble
Nothing's Wrong - Alisande
I Feel at Home with You - Sir Galahad, Mistress Evelyn & Ensemble
Dance - Sir Galahad & Mistress Evelyn
The Sandwich Men - Knights
Evelyn, What Do You Say? - Mistress Evelyn & Knights


Epilogue
Finale - Company


Broadway Revival Version [1943]
Prologue
Overture
This is My Night to Howl - Fay & Ensemble
My Heart Stood Still - Martin & Alice


Act One
Thou Swell - Martin & Sandy
At the Round Table - Company
On a Desert Island with Thee - Mistress Evelyn, Sir Galahad, Sir Gawain & Ensemble
To Keep My Love Alive - Morgan Le Fay
My Heart Stood Still (reprise) - Martin & Sandy


Act Two
Ye Lunchtime Follies - Sir Galahad & Ensemble
Can't You Do a Friend a Favor? - Morgan Le Fay & Martin
Thou Swell (reprise) - Martin & Sandy
I Feel at Home with You - Sir Galahad, Mistress Evelyn, Sir Gawain & Ensemble
You Always Love the Same Girl - Martin & King Arthur
The Camelot Samba - Sir Gawain & Ensemble


Epilogue
Finale - Company

Encores! Version [2001]
Act One
Overture - Orchestra
Here's Martin the Groom - Arthur, Martin & Men
This is My Night to Howl - Fay & Her Boys
My Heart Stood Still - Martin & Alice
I Blush - Sandy, Evelyn & Ladies
Thou Swell - Martin & Sandy
At the Round Table - Lead Male Singer, Merlin & Company
On a Desert Island with Thee - Galahad & Evelyn
To Keep My Love Alive - Morgan Le Fay
Rise and Shine - Martin, Merlin & Company


Act Two
Entracte - Orchestra
Ye Lunchtime Follies - Galahad & Company
To Keep My Love Alive (reprise) - Morgan Le Fay
Thou Swell (reprise) - Martin & Sandy
I Feel at Home with You - Galahad & Evelyn
You Always Love the Same Girl - King Arthur & Martin
The Camelot Samba - Samba Girls & Dancers
Can't You Do a Friend a Favor? - Morgan Le Fay & Martin
My Heart Stood Still (reprise) - Martin & Sandy
Finale Ultimo - Entire Company

Particularités

1 Connecticut Yankee (A) peut-être considéré comme un Top musical

 

Historique du musical

Génèse du musical

A Connecticut Yankee opened on Broadway at the Vanderbilt Theatre (which was demolished in 1954) on November 3, 1927 and closed on October 27, 1928, running for 421 performances. Directed by Alexander Leftwich, with dances by Busby Berkeley, it starred William Gaxton (Martin/The Yankee), Constance Carpenter (Alice Carter/The Demoiselle Alisande la Carteloise), and June Cochrane (Mistress Evelyn Al Belle-Ans).

A Broadway revival opened at the Martin Beck Theatre (now the Al Hirschfeld Theatre) on November 17, 1943 and closed on March 11, 1944, after 135 performances. Directed by John C. Wilson and choreographed by William Holbrook and Al White, Jr., it featured Vivienne Segal (Lt. Merrill/Queen Morgan Le Fay), Dick Foran (Lt. Martin Barrett), Vera-Ellen (Mistress Evelyn Al Belle-Ans), and Robert Chisholm (Admiral Arthur/King Arthur of Britain).

A television adaptation was broadcast on NBC in December 1955, with Eddie Albert, Janet Blair, Gale Sherwood and Boris Karloff.

New York City Center Encores! presented a staged concert in 2001, with Christine Ebersole (Fay Morgan/Morgan Le Fay), Henry Gibson (Arthur Pendragos/King Arthur), Ron Leibman (Sir Launcelot) and Jessica Walter (Guinevere).

 

Détails

Liste des chansons

Among the best remembered songs are the up-tempo duet, "Thou Swell", the ballad "My Heart Stood Still", "On a Desert Island with Thee", and "I Feel at Home with You". For the 1943 revival, Rodgers and Hart added several additional songs, including "Can't You Do a Friend a Favor?", and To Keep My Love Alive Hart's last song and a hit for star Vivienne Segal.

Acte I
This Is My Night to Howl—Fay Morgan and Ensemble
My Heart Stood Still --Martin and Alice Carter
Thou Swell--Martin and Alice Carter
At the Round Table—The Company
On a Desert Island with Thee—Mistress Evelyn Al Belle-Ans, Sir Galahad, Sir Gawain and Ensemble
To Keep My Love Alive (1943 revival)-- Queen Morgan Le Fay
My Heart Stood Still (Reprise) -- Martin and The Demoiselle Alisande la Carteloise

Acte II
Ye Lunchtime Follies—Sir Galahad and Ensemble
Can't You Do a Friend a Favor? (1943 revival)-- Queen Morgan Le Fay and Martin
Thou Swell (Reprise)--Martin and The Demoiselle Alisande la Carteloise
I Feel At Home With You—Sir Galahad, Mistress Evelyn Al Belle-Ans, Sir Gawain and Ensemble
You Always Love the Same Girl—Martin and King Arthur of Britain
The Camelot Samba—Sir Gawain and Ensemble

Textes disponibles on-line

Texte des chansons

 Chansons en anglais

Pour en savoir plus

Génèse

  A Connecticut Yankee - Thou swell, thou witty 

Quelques remarques

Version 1927
The song My Heart Stood Still was originally written for One Dam Thing After Another and had to be bought back for $5000 to be put in A Connecticut Yankee.
The song Thou Swell left the audience cold after the show opened in Philadelphia and after 3 weeks it still hadn't grown on anybody but Richard Rodgers insisted it be left in the show until it opened in New York, They never considered removing the song again.

Revival 1943
With Vivienne Segal set from the start, Rodgers and Hart found their new Sir Boss in the form of senator's son Dick (actually John Nicholas) Foran, a former band vocalist turned low-budget singing movie cowboy and journey-man actor. Their new Alisande was Julie Warren; Arthur, Robert Chisholm, Evelyn was played by Vera-Ellen, real name Vera-Ellen Westmyr Rhole, a lithe youngster who'd started dancing at age ten, performed as a Radio City Rockette, and most recently sparkled in By Jupiter.
Rehearsals were scheduled for mid-September.

A copy still exists of Larry' s handwritten draft for the second act, full, like the new lyrics, of good jokes and topical allusions. Merlin was informed that his "weather prophecy" had a low Crossley rating (the name of a radio-audience-survey); the "in" place to drink was the "Connecticut Yankee Clippee" heroine Sandy organizes the Camelot International Objectors, a women's protest group that just coincidentally has the same initials as John L. Lewis's mighty steel union.

Taking his cue from a series of forty-five-minute American Theater Wing productions supervised by Kurt Weill that had been staged at the Todd Shipyard in Brooklyn in June 1942 (which might suggest where Larry spent at least some of his time) under the catch-all title Lunchtime Follies, he introduced a radio program for the factory workers of Camelot, "Ye Lunchtime Follies " which even had its own "crooner" singing deliberately, deliciously unadulterated corn to sweet "Elaine" who he loved when they met in the rain. And the girls in the factory would shriek and "swoon" like Frank Sinatra's bobby-soxers.

The song appears to have been cut from the finished score, as was another lyric that has escaped all the collectors who have scoured the archived in search of unpublished gems by Lorenz Hart; "I Won't Sing A Song" was written for Vivienne Segal as Morgan Le Fay to sing to Sir Boss in the first scene of Act Two. No melody seems to have been written, and charming though it is, the song was never used.

They retained the best numbers from the I927 production, of course "On A Desert Island With Thee," "I Feel At Home With You" "Thou Swell" and "My Heart Stood Still." The new songs, too, were good: "This is my Night To Howl" "The Camelot Samba" (capitalizing on a current craze), "You Always Love The Same Girl" and the haunting, touching "Can't You Do A Friend A Favor?" which was written during rehearsals. And brilliantly demonstrating that, no matter what his problems, he had not lost his lyrical touch is the song Larry wrote especially for Vivienne Segal, in which the much-married Queen describes how she "bumped off" her many husbands "To Keep My Love Alive."

Taking her through it at rehearsal, Larry suggested that at the end of each refrain, on the word "alive" she take it a half-tone lower. For a soprano this was, to say the least, unusual. As with each refrain she sank further down the scale, Vivienne balked.
"Larry" she protested, "if I go any lower I'll turn into a man."
"If you do," he retorted darkly, "you'll be the only one in the show"

 

Versions du musical

Versions majeures de Connecticut Yankee (A)

Mais aussi, quelques versions régionales ou mineures, ... de Connecticut Yankee (A)

 

Multimedia on-line

Vidéos on-line

 Pas encore de video disponible pour ce spectacle

 

Principaux CD du musical

1) 1943-11-Broadway Cast

2) 1955-03-Television Cast



Liste détaillée des principaux CD

 

Captations du musical